The ASEC analysis team is using the ASEC automatic analysis system RAPIT to categorize and respond to known malware. This post will list weekly statistics collected from January 3rd, 2022 (Monday) to January 9th, 2022 (Sunday).
For the main category, info-stealer ranked top with 54.2%, followed by RAT (Remote Administration Tool) malware with 30.1%, downloader with 12.0%, ransomware with 2.4%, and backdoor with 1.2%.
Top 1 – AgentTesla
AgentTesla ranked first place with 28.9% once again. It is an info-stealer malware that leaks user credentials saved in web browsers, emails, and FTP clients.
Recently collected samples use the following email servers and user accounts when leaking the collected information.
- server mail.sementescaicara.com[.]br (174.142.126[.]13)
- server mail.packsealsind[.]com (162.241.148[.]56)
- server mail.neneka[.]org (108.167.180[.]132)
As most are distributed through spam emails disguised as invoices, shipment documents, and purchase orders, the file names contain such words shown above (Invoice, Shipment, P.O. – Purchase Order). Multiple collected samples were disguised as files with extensions of pdf and xlsx.
- FedEx 773538627141.pdf.exe
- documentos Fedex00345.pdf.exe
- TT USD21,499.77.exe
- NEW ORDER CF2022-24400.exe
- Oredr requirement for_LK consulting limited.PDF.exe
Top 2 – RedLine
RedLine malware ranked second place with 18.1%. The malware steals various information such as web browsers, FTP clients, cryptocurrency wallets, and PC settings. It can also download additional malware by receiving commands from the C&C server. Like BeamWinHTTP, there have been numerous cases of RedLine being distributed under the disguise of a software crack file.
The following are the confirmed C&C server domains for RedLine:
Top 3 – BeamWinHTTP
BeamWinHTTP is a downloader malware that ranked third place with 12.0%. BeamWinHTTP is distributed via malware disguised as PUP installer. When it is executed, it installs PUP malware Garbage Cleaner, and can download and install additional malware at the same time.
Recently, there have been numerous cases of distribution by the dropper disguised as a software crack file. The ASEC analysis team is responding to this malware using the alias ‘MulDrop.’ See the following blog post for more information on the malware.
The confirmed C&C server URL is as follows.
Top 4 – Lokibot
Lokibot malware ranked fourth place with 7.2%. It is an info-stealer malware that leaks information about programs such as web browsers, email clients, and FTP clients.
Being a malware that is distributed through spam emails, it shares similar file names with other malware spam emails.
As shown below, most Lokibot C&C server URLs tend to end in fre.php.
Top 5 – Formbook
Formbook is an info-stealer malware that ranked fifth place with 6.0%.
Like other info-stealer malware, it is mainly distributed through spam emails. The distributed file names are close to each other.
As Formbook is injected in a normal process that is in the directory of explorer.exe and system32, the malicious behaviors are performed by the normal process. Besides user credentials in the web browser, the malware can steal various information through keylogging, clipboard grabbing, and web browser form grabbing.
Below is the list of confirmed C&C server URLs of Formbook.
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